Telematics glossary

 

2G | 2.5G | 3G | 802.11 | ADC | ADSL | A-GPS | API | ASP | AVL | Bluetooth | CANBus | CDMA | D-GPS | DECT | EDGE | EDI | E-OTD | ERP | ETSI | FMS-Standard | GIS | GPS | GPRS | GSM | HTML | IP | IrDA | ISDN | ISP | JAVA | LAN | LBS | MOBITEX | OBDC | PDA | PMR | PVN | RDS-TMC | RF | RFID | RMS | SIM | SMS | TETRA | TDMA | TMC | UMTS | WAN | Wi-Fi | WLAN | WMS | VoIP | VPN | XML | WAP | WVPN | WWAN

2G Go to Top

Second generation mobile telephone network, also known as GSM

2.5G Go to Top

Also known as GPRS. Mobile communication system for transfering data. Most likely used by Telematics applications such as AutoAlerts real time vehicle tracking system. Faster than 2G but lower priority traffic for the mobile networks and patchy coverage.

3G Go to Top

Third generation European mobile telephone communication standard. Also known as UMTS.

802.11 Go to Top

Data transfer standard for wireless local area networks. 802.11a works at up to 2Mbps, 802.11b works at up to 11Mbps whilst the latest 802.11g standard works at upto 54Mbps.

ADC Go to Top

Automatic data capture.

ADSL Go to Top

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber line is a way to transmit data over standard telephone lines at speeds approaching cable.

A-GPS Go to Top

Assisted GPS.

API Go to Top

Application programming interface is often offered by companies to allow third party developers to create programmers which link into other systems.

ASP Go to Top

Application Service Provider.

AVL Go to Top

Automatic Vehicle Location is provided by companies such as AutoAlert to help people monitor, protect and better manage their vehicles.

Bluetooth Go to Top

A short-range wireless radio technology that aenables wireless devices such as mobile telephones and accessories to connect to each other.

CANBus Go to Top

A wiring network within most new vehicles which connects all the electronic devices within the vehicle.

CDMA Go to Top

A digital communications technology (code division multiple access) for mobile telephones.

D-GPS Go to Top

Differential GPS which is augmented by ground based signals.

DECT Go to Top

Digital Enhanced Cordlesss Telecommunications is a way of transmitting voice traffic for domestic phones and some business phones.

EDGE Go to Top

EDGE is an enhanced way of transmitting data over GSM networks at up to 384Knpt.

EDI Go to Top

Electronic Data Interchange.

E-OTD Go to Top

Enhanced observed time difference is a way of synchronising signals for GSM positioning.

ERP Go to Top

Enterprise Resource Planning System.

ETSI Go to Top

The European Telecommunications Standards Institute is responsible for agreeing standards.

FMS-Standard Go to Top

FMS-Standard is a system drawn up by Truck manufacturers to provide standards governing data formats for capturing and exchanging information on vehicle systems and particularly for passing it over on-board CANbus networks.

GIS Go to Top

Geographic Information Systems.

GPS Go to Top

The Global Positioning System is a network of 24 satellites based on the US governments network. By using the signals transmitted by these satellites, the position on the earth can be calculated by systems such as AutoAlert.

GPRS Go to Top

General Packet Radio Service or 2.5G allows for faster data transmission over the GSM network. Data transfer speeds range from 56Kbps to 115Kbps. AutoAlert uses GPRS to transmit real time information about vehicle movements.

GSM Go to Top

Global System for Mobile Communications is the technology behind the 2.0G network. GSM can be implemented in 900MHz, 1800MHz or 1900MHz.

HTML Go to Top

Hypertext Mark Up Language is used for programming web pages.

IP Go to Top

Ingress protection is a rating system developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission to describe the ability of electronic products to withstand gas, dust, water and overall dirt penetration. The higher the number the better the protection.

IP also standards for Internet Protocol.

IrDA Go to Top

Infrared Data Association is a protocol for sending infra red data between two devices.

ISDN Go to Top

Integrated Subscriber Digital Network allows data transfer rates of 2x64Kbps It has now been widely superseded by ADSL.

ISP Go to Top

Internet Service Provider.

JAVA Go to Top

JAVA is an object orientated programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. It is ideal for network applications and applets as it is operating system independent.

LAN Go to Top

Local Area Network.

LBS Go to Top

Location Based Services include such services as AutoAlert’s vehicle tracking systems, Multimap’s mapping systems and location based advertising.

Mobitex Go to Top

Mobitex is an open wireless networking standard used especially for data transmission. It can operate at 80MHz, 400, 800 and 900 MHz (usually 400MHz in Europe). There are over 30 networks operating in over 22 countries with Transcomm being the UK system. The copyright is held by Ericsson.

ODBC Go to Top

Open Database Compliance is a way for programs to connect to Databases.

PDA Go to Top

Personal Digital Assistant are basically a scaled down computer which allows for computing on the move. PDA’s with internet access allows fleet managers to see the location of their vehicles whilst out in the field themselves.

PMR Go to Top

Private Mobile Radio is a licence free short range radio technology operating between 446.0-446.1 MHz.

PVN Go to Top

Private Virtual Networks are used by Businesses to create a secure private network over the public internet.

RDS-TMC Go to Top

Radio Data System – Traffic Message Channel is used to convey real time traffic information and radio station information to FM radios.

RF Go to Top

Radio Frequency.

RFID Go to Top

Radio Frequency Identification is a very cheap and short range communication system which allows such things as the tracking of palettes and the identification of drivers using a small card.

RMS Go to Top

Remote access server.

SIM Go to Top

A Sim is the small chip which goes inside most mobile phones and tracking units and contains information about the subscriber. SIM stands for Subscriber Identification Module.

SMS Go to Top

The Short Message Service is a system used to transmit short text messages up to 160 characters long on GSM networks. It was originally used by mobile phone technicians using spare capacity but has grown in popularity wtih billions of messages sent per week. AutoAlert uses SMS to send proactive alerts to customers and to send messages to and from units as a back up to GPRS.

TETRA Go to Top

Terrestrial Trunked Radio is a land based mobile radio communication standard.

TDMA Go to Top

Time Division Multiple Access is a way to send digital data over systems such as GSM at high frequency.

TMC Go to Top

Traffic Message Channel.

UMTS Go to Top

The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System is the European third generation cellular mobile standard also known as 3G. UMTS is the overall system whilst W-CDMA is the technology behind it.

WAN Go to Top

Wide Area Network.

Wi-Fi Go to Top

Wi-Fi stands for Wireless Fidelity and is a brand name adopted by the Wi-Fi Alliance which currently has over 200 members. The Wi-Fi alliance promotes 802.11 local area network specification and asserts compliance with it.

WLAN Go to Top

Wireless local area network.

WMS Go to Top

Warehouse management system.

VoIP Go to Top

Voice Over Internet Protocol is a way to transmit voice data over the internet.

VPN Go to Top

A virtual private network is often used by companies to set up a private network over a public system such as the Internet.

XML Go to Top

Extensible Mark Up Language is a flexible programming language which is used by companies such as AutoAlert to exchange data with other systems such as Google.

WAP Go to Top

Wireless Application Protocol first allowed the internet to be viewed on mobile telephones. AutoAlert uses WAP to provide vehicle location information to basic mobile telephone.

WVPN Go to Top

Wireless Virtual Private Network. As VPN, just wireless.

CDMA Go to Top

A digital communications technology (code division multiple access) for mobile telephones.

WWAN Go to Top

Wider Wireless Area Network.

Thanks to the Telematics and Mobile Data Guide 2008 for some of the information on which this guide is based.

 

 

 

 

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See also:

Job Management

GPS Tracking

Instant Messaging

 

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